All About Trout

Rainbow Trout (Onchorhynchus Mykiss)

Game fish of the family Salmonidae, noted for its spectacular leaps and hard fighting even when hooked. It was introduced from western North America to many other countries. This brightly colored fish lives in cold water lakes and swift streams.

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Golden Rainbow Trout (Onchorhynchus Mykiss)

The golden rainbow is a gold-orange rainbow trout raised under artificial fish culture conditions and stocked as a novelty for angling sport.
The golden rainbow trout is a different species than the golden trout (Oncorhynchus aguabonita). In fish hatcheries, the rainbow trout has occasionally produced other unusual genetic mutations, such as the blue rainbow, whose body color is sky-blue and some white rainbows.

Life History
Do the golden rainbows bite better?

Seasonal (Winter) Stocking of Rainbow Trout

Since the early 1990’s, winter stocking of rainbow trout has become increasingly popular in the central and especially the southern states. When the water temperature cools into the mid to low 60’s, rainbow trout can be stocked as a fun put-and-take sport fish into ponds, lakes and private streams. In the spring, invite your friends and neighbors over to catch as many rainbow trout as possible because as the water warms (“book lethal” temperature is 75 degrees) the rainbows will die. The good fishing falls off fast once the temperature reaches 70 degrees.

Crystal Lake Fisheries delivers live trout into most of the mid-western and southern states, even into southern Texas. For smaller orders, we work hard to combine several customers into a single delivery, thereby sharing the delivery charges.

Stocking rates vary depending on so many variables, but as a general guideline, stocking from 100 to 300 pounds per acre provides good fishing. In special circumstances, we have stocked more and even less than this suggestion. Smaller ponds will provide you with the opportunity to catch a larger percentage of the trout (fewer places to hide).

Usually, if other fish are living in the water, the trout will do fine. Remember, trout are used for water quality testing and are sensitive to poor water quality.

Feeding is not necessary, but it is a fun, recreational activity. If trout feed is not available from your local feed store, it is okay to use a high protein catfish feed. This won’t totally balance their diet, but they will eat enough natural feed to do just fine. If you would like, Silver Cup Fish Feed can UPS single bags of trout feed to you. You can contact them at or 800-521-9092.

Normally, stocking in private waters have no limitations, but stocking in public waters, if permissible, usually requires a permit. Some states have import and certification requirements. Check with your state Fish and Game Department or call us and we will share what information we have for your area.

Trout as Winter Bass Feed

More bass pond owners are stocking rainbow trout during the winter months as a supplemental food source. The omega 3’s and oils in the rainbows seem to provide a nutritional boost for bass during their slow feeding times. In the spring the bass appear to be larger and healthier.

We suggest stocking trout in the fall when water temperatures cool to an acceptable level for the trout to live. The bass will feed on the trout during the winter; then as water temperatures rise in the spring, the trout will become sluggish and the bass become active and the bass will really chow down on the remaining trout.

The stocking size of the rainbows can vary. Most customers prefer an 8-10 inch trout; some utilize 10-12 inch trout, especially if the bass are larger; then others like a smaller trout. The smaller rainbows will cost a little more.

As a side benefit, many bass fishermen enjoy catching the trout; and even keeping a few to eat.